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Indian freedom fighter, 'Father of Nation'


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is the pioneer of Satyagraha. He is fondly called Mahatma Gandhi and Bapu. Mahatma Gandhi is officially honoured in India as the Father of the Nation and his birthday is commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday in India. October 2 is also celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi Info

Date of BirthOctober 2, 1869
Place of BirthPorbandar, Bombay Presidency, British India
Spouse (s)Kasturba Gandhi
ChildrenHarilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas
Alma materUniversity College London, University of London
Known forProminent Figure of Indian Independence Movement, Propounding the philosophy of Satyagraha and Ahimsa
Other Names / Nick NamesMahatma Gandhi, Bapu
ParentsPutlibai Gandhi (Mother), Karamchand Gandhi (Father)
Date of deathJanuary 30, 1948
Place of deathNew Delhi, Union of India
Cause of deathAssassination
Resting placeRajghat, New Delhi, India
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 I regard myself as a soldier, though a soldier of peace. 
— Mahatma Gandhi Speech at Victoria Hall, Geneva / December 10, 1931
 Seven social sins: politics without principles, wealth without work, pleasure without conscience, knowledge without character, commerce without morality, science without humanity, and worship without sacrifice. 
— Mahatma Gandhi article in Young India / October 22, 1925
 I wanted to know the best of the life of one (Muhammad) who holds today an undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind. I became more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet the scrupulous regard for pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. 
— Mahatma Gandhi Young India / September 23, 1924
 Nonviolence is the first article of my faith. It is also the last article of my creed. 
— Mahatma Gandhi Opening words of his defense speech at his trial Young India / March 23, 1922
 If one has no affection for a person or a system, one should feel free to give the fullest expression to his disaffection so long as he does not contemplate, promote, or incite violence. 
— Mahatma Gandhi / March 18, 1922

 I came in contact with every known Indian anarchist in London. Their bravery impressed me, but I felt that their zeal was misguided. I felt that violence was no remedy for India's ills, and that her civilisation required the use of a different and higher weapon for self-protection. 
— Mahatma Gandhi "A Word of Explanation" on his work Hind Swaraj (1908) in Young India / January 1921
 If India adopted the doctrine of love as an active part of her religion and introduced it in her politics. Swaraj would descent upon India from heaven. But I am painfully aware that that event is far off as yet. 
— Mahatma Gandhi "A Word of Explanation" on his work Hind Swaraj (1908) in Young India / January 1921
 I have even seen the writings suggesting that I am playing a deep game, that I am using the present turmoil to foist my fads on India, and am making religious experiments at India's expense. I can only answer that Satyagraha is made of sterner stuff. There is nothing reserved and nothing secret in it. 
— Mahatma Gandhi "A Word of Explanation" on his work Hind Swaraj (1908) in Young India / January 1921
 Victory attained by violence is tantamount to a defeat, for it is momentary. 
— Mahatma Gandhi Satyagraha Leaflet No. 13 / May 03, 1919
 You say that the magistrate's decision is unsatisfactory because it would enable a person, however unclean, to travel by a tram, and that even the Kaffirs would be able to do so. But the magistrate's decision is quite different. The Court declared that the Kaffirs have no legal right to travel by tram. And according to tram regulations, those in an unclean dress or in a drunken state are prohibited from boarding a tram. Thanks to the Court's decision, only clean Indians or coloured people other than Kaffirs, can now travel in the trams. Victory attained by violence is tantamount to a defeat, for it is momentary. 
— Mahatma Gandhi Comments on a court case in The Indian Opinion / June 02, 1906